William Pfaff is the author of The Irony of Manifest Destiny, published in June 2010 by Walker and Company (New York) -- his tenth and culminating work on international politics and the American destiny. He describes the neglected sources and unforeseen consequences of the tragedy towards which the nation's current effort to remake the world to fit America's measure is leading. His previous books and his articles in The New York Review of Books, The New Yorker, and his syndicated newspaper column, featured for a quarter century in the globally read International Herald Tribune, have made him one of America's most respected and internationally influential interpreters of world affairs.   [Read more...]
Columns : On Bombing Syria
on 2013/9/4 12:00:00 (2639 reads)

Paris, September 4, 2013 – It would seem a piece of wisdom picked up on the school playground not to start a fight that you don’t know how to finish.

President Barack Obama may have missed this lesson during his primary school experience in Indonesia. But perhaps the U.S. Congress will spare him military folly by its vote next week on intervention in Syria.

France then might have to go to war alone against Syria, or recruit a new coalition of its own. The National Assembly debates the subject this afternoon but there will be no vote. The last thing President François Hollande expected was for an American president to “go wobbly” about attacking another country (as Margaret Thatcher warned the first George Bush, when he seemed hesitant to intervene in Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990). It was shock enough for Mr. Hollande to discover last week that the majority of the British House of Commons are beer-drinking surrender monkeys. What if next week he should find the U.S. House of Representatives a passel of timid tea-sippers?

The confusion surrounding this current show of western disunity and pacific intention has taken on a comic air (were the subject not tragedy and the butchery of war), not only in Paris and London but in Washington, in the White House and Pentagon, and in congressional circles. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army General Martin Dempsey, has in the recent past made clear his own doubts about the merits and consequences of an attack on Syria, although his duty now is to follow orders.

There are other observers of the Pentagon and of the history of American foreign policy who point out that the U.S. military doesn’t really “do” limited and tailored military operations that deliver “a shot across the bow,” which is what President Obama said on Public Television last Wednesday that he wants delivered to President Assad, to warn him off future uses of chemical weapons.

Others want much more. An editorialist in a Tel Aviv newspaper, the second-largest-selling Hebrew-language Yedioth Ahronoth, considers that no warning shot but “two or three barrages [of tomahawk missiles] would [make] it clear to all the Middle East’s madmen that the United States means what it says.”

Senators John McCain and Lindsay Graham, both hawkish on attack, talked with President Obama on Monday and emerged saying that the foreseen attack would “essentially be to degrade” the military capacity of Syria. Senator Graham said he left the meeting “feeling better.” That assignment, however, is not a minor military operation, at least as the U.S. Air Force and Navy do it.

There is the problem as well that the victim may shoot back, as happens in wars. Should Syria’s ally Iran become involved in reaction to a Franco-American attack, it possesses a system of attack on warships, using anti-ship-missile-armed speedboat flotillas, taken by the U.S. Navy as a serious threat. And everywhere generous supplies exist of long and mid-range missiles.

President Bacher el-Assad, in an interview with Paris’s Le Figaro newspaper Monday, said: “The Middle East is a powder-keg and the fuse
is getting short. You can’t just speak of a Syrian riposte to an attack, but of what can happen following the first strike. No one can know. Everyone loses control when the powder-keg explodes. Chaos and extremism are everywhere. There is risk of regional war.”

The interviewer asks, “Would Syria attack Israel?” The president replies, “you surely don’t expect me to tell you what our riposte would be?”

The question remains what the United States should do. Vali Nasr, head of the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, says in a New York Times op-ed that America’s strategic interest is to “mortally wound” the Assad regime, and then immediately “take decisive action” to assure that Syria does not “become a haven for Al Qaeda.” Unless he knows forms of decisive action the rest of us do not, that means occupation with ground troops and those military measures that have in the past decade proven so successful in pacifying and eliminating terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan.

He says, though: “That is what the world needs.” Another commentator in The Times, Ross Douthat, joins the multitude of American and foreign analysts who tell us that American military power must be used to create and sustain “a stable, rule-based, multilateral world order.” Thank you, Mr. Douthat.

Such recommendations all assume that international stability and order, which is the avowed goal of the United States and its allies, can be obtained and sustained by western military intervention, war, occupation, and “democratization” -- meaning to effect a fundamental change of political and moral culture in societies remote from our own, who do not see the changes we wish to impose as necessarily desirable. They will undoubtedly change eventually at their own -- and history’s -- pace.

Let us all then pray that the Republican majority in the American House of Representatives, in conformity with their party’s long and honorable traditions of reaction and isolationism, will be joined by a handful of chastened Democrats in defeating next week the President’s proposal for creating another and enlarged Middle Eastern war. If such a vote accomplishes nothing else, it would at least spare the suffering people of Syria still more horror, inflicted by their American and French well-wishers.

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