William Pfaff is the author of The Irony of Manifest Destiny, published in June 2010 by Walker and Company (New York) -- his tenth and culminating work on international politics and the American destiny. He describes the neglected sources and unforeseen consequences of the tragedy towards which the nation's current effort to remake the world to fit America's measure is leading. His previous books and his articles in The New York Review of Books, The New Yorker, and his syndicated newspaper column, featured for a quarter century in the globally read International Herald Tribune, have made him one of America's most respected and internationally influential interpreters of world affairs.   [Read more...]
Columns : What Lay Behind the Libya Intervention?
on 2011/10/26 17:40:00 (2996 reads)

Paris, October 25, 2011 – Since the start of the Franco-British intervention in Libya, which on British and American insistence last March was turned into a NATO affair, some commentaries on the left have interpreted the action as western imperialism. It was called an effort to seize control of Libya’s enormous oil reserves, in the guise of humanitarian intervention.

Although I am willing – more willing than most – to think the worst of the motivations of states, I find it hard to see why the western countries would want an expensive war to seize the oil to which they already had ample access through purchase on the international market.

Barack Obama, already taking punishment on other issues from the Republican presidential primary Punch and Judy Show, had the sense to tell NATO that he preferred to lead from behind. That way he was able to take credit for Victory (as his flacks and the more gullible sector of the U.S. press have already done), while allowing the French and British to conduct the principal combat operations, without unduly troubling the Pentagon.

Since the late Colonel Qadaffi decided in 2003 that reestablishing friendly relations with the western powers was to his advantage -- handing over the Bulgarian nurses and naming the alleged authors of attacks on American and French airliners, even producing a scapegoat for Scottish jailing – the colonel has been the best of friends with western governments, pitching his tent near the Elysée Palace in Paris, staying as a guest at the White House, and diligently participating in the CIA pursuit of real or fancied Arab terrorists.

The CIA had already prepared the way for this friendly cooperation. For example, the man who led the rebel assault on Tripoli earlier this month was a Libyan dissident and Islamist veteran of the Afghanistan war against the Russians.

He was subsequently handed over to Colonel Qadaffi by the CIA and the British, then tortured and imprisoned for seven years. As the Middle East expert Patrick Seale writes, “his attachment to western interests should not be counted upon.”

The western intervention this year, initiated by France, was ideological in origin, deriving from the liberal interventionism westerners espoused after the NATO Kosovo victory. Subsequent experience has cooled this enthusiasm, one reason President Obama has just decided to let the Iraqis defend themselves without help from uniformed U.S. forces, who will be gone from that country by January 2012, and why the Pentagon now is preoccupied with how to get out of Afghanistan and Pakistan without leaving disaster behind.

The 2011 Arab Awakening has put the United States in a situation of extreme difficulty, far from solution. After years of democracy promotion in the Middle East, and two wars and other interventions ostensibly producing it -- while actually forced to collaborate with the most reactionary Arab regimes to promote Israeli interests -- Washington in the past year has found itself saddled with one dilemma after another.

Democratic reform in Egypt, Yemen and Bahrain? Support for Palestinian freedom and autonomy? Well, actually no. The United States is for democracy in theory but finds tyranny and obscurantist government easier to deal with in practice.

That is why Secretary of State Hillary Clinton looks so wan and distraught these days, flying from one country to the next, trying to parse these dilemmas and assure conservative and pro-American friends that all will be well, while she is intelligent enough to understand that their days may be numbered, and they may not meet again this side of the Styx – or its Islamic equivalent.

She rushes about – when does she sleep? -- because the United States simply does not know how to disentangle itself from this menacing situation. She surely understands that Pakistan and Afghanistan may separately, or under changed leaders, cooperatively turn upon the U.S., militarily bogged down in one of the most inaccessible places on earth. That conflict, with Americans the target, is possible in Iraq/Iran. That Israel may start a war with Iran which it will expect the United States to finish.

Perhaps it is time to come home. That’s what a lot of people seem to be saying. But the Obama administration doesn’t know how.

© Copyright 2011 by Tribune Media Services International. All Rights Reserved.


For rights to publish the above article To print this article To e-mail this article To print this article (PDF format)
His books